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Language support in Mycroft – Italian – italiano

NOTE: These instructions apply to Mycroft for Linux only; we don’t currently have instructions for changing the language on Picroft. If you’d like to help us out with that, jump into the ~languages channel on Mycroft Chat and let us know.

Ciao. Parli italiano? Follow these steps to change Mycroft’s language to Italian (BCP 47: it).

If you speak Italian and wish to enable Italian language support for Mycroft, this is possible. However, this requires some technical knowledge such as:

  • moving and copying files in a Linux shell
  • downloading and unzipping large files
  • editing Python source code files

If you need further assistance, please join us in the Languages channel on Mycroft Chat.

Change the Wake Word to Italian

Mycroft uses PocketSphinx as the Wake Word engine. The default Wake Word in English is Hey Mycroft.

To change the Wake Word to Italian, we need to download the generic Italian dictionary and the Italian acoustic model, trained with the latest sphinxtrain.

First, we create a directory for the pocketsphinx files:

mkdir -p /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it

Download and install the Italian dictionary

Next, we download the Italian dictionary. This file is part of a larger archive, so we must download the archive first from the CMUSphinx project on SourceForge.

wget -O it.tar.gz

Extract the file it.dic from this archive.

Then, we install the dictionary into the directory we created.

cp it.dic /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it

Download and install acoustic model

Next, we download the acoustic model cmusphinx-it-5.2.tar.gz from the CMUSphinx project on SourceForge.

wget -O cmusphinx-it-5.2.tar.gz

We then unpack the gzipped file into a temporary directory.

tar -xzf cmusphinx-it-5.2.tar.gz

Then we copy it to the PocketSphinx directory

cd cmusphinx-it-5.2.tar.gz
cp * /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it
cd ..

Download and install Italian language model

The Italian language model file is archived within the cmusphinx-it-5.2.tar.gz file in the path /cmusphinx-it-5.2/etc/

Check that this file has been extracted into

Verify the installed files

Check that the following files exist:

  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it.dict
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it-small.lm
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/feat.params
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/mdef
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/means
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/mixture_weights
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/noisedict
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/README
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/sendump
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/transition_matrices
  • /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it/variances

Install language in Mycroft directories

Now that we have installed the PocketSphinx files for Italian, we need to install Italian in the Mycroft directories.

First, SSH into your device.

Navigate to the Mycroft language model directory.

For instance, on mycroft-core for Linux, navigate to


You should see the following files in this directory:

$ ls -las
total 24
8 drwxrwxr-x 3 kathyreid kathyreid 4096 Nov 24 00:08 .
8 drwxrwxr-x 3 kathyreid kathyreid 4096 Nov 24 00:08 ..
8 drwxrwxr-x 3 kathyreid kathyreid 4096 Nov 24 00:08 en-us

NOTE: Note that there is only one model folder – en-us for American English

Create a new directory here for Italian, and then symlink it to the pocketsphinx directory.

mkdir it
ln -s /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it it/hmm
cp /usr/local/share/pocketsphinx/model/it/it.dic it/it.dic

NOTE: The last cp command could be replaced by the ln command if you wish to save disk space. However, it is normal to add words to the it.dict, and copying means the original file is unchanged, and you are working with a copy.

You must have the following directories, files and symbolic links:

  • _your_base_dir_/mycroft/client/speech/recognizer/model/it
  • _your_base_dir_mycroft/client/speech/recognizer/model/it/hmm
  • _your_base_dir_mycroft/client/speech/recognizer/model/it/it.dict
  • _your_base_dir_mycroft/client/speech/recognizer/model/it/it.lm

Choosing a Italian Wake Word

Choose a Wake Word or Wake Phrase in Italian, and then verify that it is in the it.dic file of the language model.

If your chosen Wake Word or phrase is not in the it.dict file, either choose a different Wake Word, or edit the it.dict file to add it.

Configure Mycroft to use Italian language and the chosen Wake Word

First, locate your mycroft.conf configuration file. On Mycroft for Linux, this is stored at:


Edit the configuration file with following changes:

      "lang": "it",

      "listener": {

        "wake_word": "salutations",
        "phonemes": "ss aa ll uu tt aa ss yy on",
        "threshold": 1e-10,
        "standup_word": "salutations",
        "standup_phonemes": "ss aa ll uu tt aa ss yy on",
        "standup_threshold": 1e-10

Select and configure a Speech to Text (STT) engine with Italian support

If the Speech to Text engine you are using already supports Italian, you don’t need to do anything.

As an alternative, you can use PocketSphinx, running on your local machine. To use PocketSphinx as your STT engine, add the following to your mycroft.conf file:

    "listener": {
       "producer": "pocketsphinx",
       "grammar": "lm"

Select and configure a Text to Speech (TTS) engine with Italian support

Next, select and configure a Text to Speech engine that supports Italian.

To configure your TTS engine, add the following to your mycroft.conf file:

    "tts": {
      "module": "espeak",
      "espeak": {
        "lang": "it",
        "voice": "m1"

Configure Mycroft source code to handle Italian

There are some source code changes required to handle a language change, and they require manual modification to the source code, as they have not yet been pulled into mycroft-core.

Getting involved

If you would like to get involved with foreign language translations for Mycroft, we’d love to hear from you. Please join us in the Languages channel on Mycroft chat

@TODO This documentation was based on the French version, but the CMUSphinx file paths are not the same for Italian as they are for French, so I’ve had to extrapolate a little – there may be some errors in this file.

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